ABOUT THE VINES
AND OUR REGION
Age : Vines were planted in 2000, 2001, and 2002
Soil type : Predominantly clays
Density : 5,000 vines per hectare
(2,024 vines per acre)
Average yield : 3,500 litres per hectare
(1,417 litres per acre) or (+/- 1 bottle/vine)
Pruning method :
The vines are pruned according to the Double Guyot system, commonly used throughout Europe. The vines are trellised and irrigated using drip irrigation.
These and other parameters determine both quantity and quality at harvest time. Vinciane and Parviz are always present at Monte do Alem during these critical phases leading up to harvest.
The Double Guyot pruning system is a long pruning approach where branches are cut except for the two fruit bearing branches which are retained for the following year’s harvest. This work is carried out in January and February every year. After pruning the two main fruit bearing branches, these are tied to the support wire located 60 cm (2 feet) above ground.
Algarve summers are extremely dry. Rainfall is practically non-existant from early June to end September. Therefore, even if the presence of clay soils effectively traps water during the winter months allowing the vines to survive the dry summers; it is not sufficient to provide a quality wine grape.
“A vine which suffers too much from insufficient water will produce too dry a wine, lacking in roundness!” In fact excessive dryness induces summer dormance and photosynthesis stops and with it the maturation process.
At Monte do Alem drip irrigation is used when needed while observing the strict requirements of each parcel of land and the grapes that grow on it.